Geography of Delhi – Uniqueness is its strength

Boundaries and geographical inclination
Delhi, which is also known as the National Capital Territory of India (NCT), is the capital city of the nation and ranks second in the world in terms of thickly populated cities. While looking at the geographical map of Delhi, one can see that Delhi is tactically surrounded by important cities and states. The state of Haryana is covered on the northern, western and southern areas whereas the state of Uttar Pradesh is covered on the eastern side of Delhi. During the rule of British, Delhi was part of the province of Punjab, which is why the two cities have a close connection even today. Delhi is inclined at 28.61 degrees towards the North and 77.23 degrees towards the East in the northern part of India.
Important features of the Geography of Delhi
There are two important parts that make up the geography of Delhi, they are the food plains of Yamuna and the Delhi Ridge. The river of Yamuna assumes a lot of importance in Delhi, not only because it is one of the highly-respected rivers by the Hindus, but also because it is the sole river running through Delhi. It is because of this river that the soil in and around Delhi is very fertile and compatible for certain crop-cultivation. The Delhi Ridge is the trademark destination of Delhi. Standing tall at 381m, this ridge has its originating point at the scenic Aravalli mountain range and proves to be a strong cover on the north-eastern, north-western and the western boundaries of Delhi.
Climate – an important role in the city’s geography
One of the major factors that contribute to the geography of Delhi is its climate. Delhi is known for its extreme climatic conditions. The summers are scorching-hot with the temperatures touching at least 40-42 degrees Celsius daily and the winters are extremely cold with spine-chilling temperatures getting below zero most of the times. These extreme climatic conditions pave the way for cultivation of certain crops. On the downside, Delhi is prone to heavy air pollution and it is quite saddening that the city is ranked first in the world in terms of most air-polluted cities. Toxic emissions from factories and industries, burning of crops and construction activities are the major reasons as to why Delhi’s air is highly polluted.
Separate Legal Entity
The geographical map of Delhi states that this place is a Union Territory for all operational purposes. However, in reality, Delhi is almost like another state, with a separate Chief Minister, High Court, legislative assembly and a separate group of ministers. The National Capital Territory (NCT) along with important cities in the nearby areas like Noida, Ghaziabad, Greater Noida, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Baghpat, Sonepat and Alwar are jointly known as NCR (National Capital Region) as per the provisions of the 69th amendment act of the Indian Constitution during 1991.
Right from 6th century onwards, Delhi has been witnessing the rule of many dynasties that have left behind traces of their culture here. One of the most important dynasties to have made their mark on Delhi is the Mughal dynasty. Even today, many attractive monuments of Delhi are reflections of brilliant Mughal architecture. The rule of British too, saw some awesome developments in Delhi in the fields of infrastructure and architecture. Today, Delhi is one of the most developed cities of the world. Transport, nightlife, ancient charm and culture, industrial and financial development, unity in diversity, festivals and traditions and many other factors are what have made Delhi, what it is today.

The writer of this article, Rupesh Sehgal is a globetrotter whose favourite hobby is to explore the parts of India. During one his journey in exploring India, he discovered the geographical beauty and diversity of Delhi, the same has been elaborated below.


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