Cognitive Linguistics – The Perspective of Language Study

Cognitive linguistics is the branch of language focuses on the issues connected with the process of meaning representation in speech. It’s closely connected with the study of cognitology – the area of study concerning the process of cognition. While cognitology concentrates upon the psychological patterns of cognition, cognitive linguistics works with the linguistic side of the question.
What is the Subject of Cognitive Linguistics?
Cognitive linguistics researches the peculiarities of obtaining and processing info by means of language signs as well as the relationship between the cognitive mechanisms and speech. The subject is language as an instrument of representation of the cognitive structures and also perception forms.
What Are the Sources of Cognitive Linguistics Study?
Cognitive linguistics is based upon different branches of linguistics and extralinguistic disciplines like:
1.Cognitology and cognitive psychology
2.Computer science and also computer linguistics
3.Generative grammar and semantics
4.Psycholinguistics and also neurolinguistics
5.Culturology and history.
What Are the Branches of Cognitive Linguistics?
The study of cognitive linguistics consists of the next things:
1.Cognitive semantics
2.Cognitive approaches to grammar
3.Cognitive phonology.
These branches are regarded from the point of view of five general approaches:
1.Culturological (concept) approach
2.Linguoculturological approach
3.Logical approach
4.Semantic-cognitive approach
5.Philosophic-semantic approach.
What Are the Cognitive Linguistics’ Principal Targets?
As any study, cognitive linguistics aims at the solution of particular theoretical and practical questions:
1.The analysis of human language skills, the origin and growth in the process of life.
2.The definition and classification of common language experience of the speakers.
3.The explanation of specific characteristics of human inner lexicon as well as verbal memory organization relative to sign representation structures.
4.The explanation of human cognitive activities in the procedure of speech production, perception and understanding.
5.The study of cognitive procedures and the function of natural languages in their realization.
6.The determination of correlation between language and also cognition structures.

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