The Diverse Geography Of Delhi – The World’s Second Densely Populated City

Delhi – A traveller’s delight
Delhi is not only the national capital of India but also one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the country. It is the second densely populated cities in the world. The geography of Delhi, is so interesting, that it has been the subject of study for many a historian. It is one of the few cities that are sandwiched nicely between the Himalayan and Aravalli mountain ranges. The area of Delhi is spread across a sprawling area of 1483 The rural and urban areas are almost equally split in the city with the former occupying around 783 and the latter occupying around 700sq.kmThe sub areas of location, climate, vegetation, culture, history and many other related subjects form the core area of the main heading of geography. There are so many areas in Delhi that are visual delights for the traveller. This is probably the only city in the world where one can find an old-world charm and technological sophistication co-existing peacefully with each other.
The three most important parts that make up the geography of the city are the Delhi Ridge, Yamuna Food Plains and the Plains. Out of these, the Yamuna Food Plains have the most fertile soil as they are fed by the waters from this revered river. The only hitch of this area is that it becomes prone to floods during the monsoon season. The Delhi Ridge, that stands tall at about 1043 feet, is one of the landmark destinations of the city’s geography. This ridge starts from the Aravalli mountain range and forms a sturdy border around the city towards its west, north east and north western parts of Delhi.
Vegetation in Delhi
The tropical climate of Delhi and its soil content proves fit for the growth of small sized plants and herbs. One of the most important features that distinguish the vegetation in Delhi from that in other places is that there is not a single place in Delhi that is overtly covered with these shrubs or plants. One can find that this vegetation is extremely scattered all over the city and not just focusses on one particular part. The geography of Delhi is widely divided into two main parts – Yamuna Plains and the Delhi Ridge. The kinds of plants and trees cultivated on these parts depend on the climate and the soil prevalent in these areas. All along the Yamuna plains, there are lots of plants that look lovely during the spring season with their different kinds, shapes and colours of flowers. Small sized to medium sized herbs and shrubs dominate the vegetation in Delhi.
Climate in Delhi
The climate of Delhi is another important factor that decides the city’s vegetation and geography. Delhi is known for its extreme climatic conditions. The summers are scorching-hot and winters are biting-cold here. The months between April and July are termed as summer here and during these months, the temperature sometimes soars up to as high as 40 to 45 degrees Celsius. The city is dominated by a wave of hot air. The months of December and January are extremely cold as the temperature dips to below zero degrees Celsius at times. The climatic condition of Delhi is one of the major highlights of the city that keep the tourists puzzled.

Four important sections of the all-important Delhi Ridge
The Delhi Ridge is classified into four important sections for all operational purposes. They are:
Northern Ridge or Old Delhi Area – This is the smallest portion of the Ridge and the Delhi University’s hilly areas form part of this.
Central Ridge or New Delhi – This runs between Sadar Bazaar and Dhaula Khan.
South Central Ridge or Mehrauli – This is located near JNU and Vasant Kunj.
Southern Ridge or Tuqhlagabad – The reputed Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary is covered in this area.

The author, Rupesh Sehgal summarises the geography of Delhi in this write-up below. He writes about the climate, vegetation of Delhi and also gives an idea about the Delhi Ridges.


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