Climate change is an issue that is currently alarming scientists. The factors affecting global changes are carefully studied by famous scientists around the globe.
Climate change is a significant weather change of a given region. Also called global warming, it increases the average temperature measurement of the Earth’s surface. This involves changes in the atmosphere over durations to millions of years. It is caused by external forces, dynamic processes and human activities. Temperature, wind patterns and precipitation are the average weather alterations of climate change.
Negotiators on climate change like Dr. Adger from East Anglia Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research and University noted that the 7th Conference of Parties (COP7) in Morocco focused mainly on the reduction of emission targets so as to prevent climate change. Negotiators are the ones who help and spread a global coalition in order to cope with the changes. Different studies and research conducted by scientists suggested and has even proven to take an action on this matter.
In the Middle East, a new research regarding an Australian climate states that the rainfall in key regions will be higher than usual. The intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (PCC) projected that the storm activity would decline on the eastern Mediterranean for this century. This is as global warming continues to emerge. Results are based on climate changes on global modeling which tends to affect a smaller-scale region and needs to compare with other models.
Hence, BBSRC-supported Rothamsted Research has shown that the peach potato aphid of the United Kingdom is deemed to rise to about 1 degree on the temperature during the months of January and February. Aphids can be important indicators of climate change since they can cause damage to crops, weaken the plants, and even spread viruses. UK scientists have provided knowledge on the consequences so that other countries will adapt their studies for further development.
A study also reported on the July 2008 issue of Geophysical Research Letters describes a new evaluation method. This pertains to the frequency of present and future tropical climates as well as hurricane information. Computer models are used in representing hurricane features. However, hurricane activity predictions have casted doubts. Computer simulations also show that there is an increase in ocean temperature, allowing hurricanes to become formed easily with rapid motion. This also states that in warmer environments, hurricanes have become stronger.
A successful series of measurements in the Artic waters, set by the German Research Vessel Polarsten, has proven capabilities of an ice breaking problem. This is in order to support data on long-term two series research measurements.
Last August 10, the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research of Helmholtz Association entered Iceland. In this research, an icebreaker is mentioned to be the possible means of changed in the measurements of temperature, salinity and currents up to the surface.
Dr. Agnieszka Beszczynska- Moller, an Alfred Wegener Institute oceanographer, says that the Atlantic water’s temperature has slightly decreased as compared to that of year 2006. Researchers has even observed that the Fram Strait temperature has risen to about 1, 1 Celcius since 1997 and onwards. Their monitoring sheets included the changes of physical environments and the seafloor entry of nutrients.
Researchers also want to get seismic data for a good understanding of the development. This is with regards to its tectonic interface in between the East Siberian shelf and the Mendeleev Ridge. Canadian and American researchers will also be doing similar measurements in the Northern Polar Sea.
Furthermore, at the Ecological society of America (ESA) 93rd Annual Meeting, scientists discussed the temperature-induced loss of habitats which can lead to disasters to living things. Project models on climate changes showcase a suffering effect of dry condition.
Thus, scientists have pointed out that the physical changes in our atmosphere such as sea level rise, melting polar ice caps, and storms are the main indicators of global warming. Climate change has a terrible impact on the entire ecosystem. This is the reason why developing countries continue to do research and study on how they can save habitats of different species. There are also private institutions and government entities that gather potential information, focusing on the alarming situation of the Earth’s atmosphere.
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