Microbiology is the study of life that is too small to be seen through naked eyes. It is used to isolate and study the characteristics of microorganisms. Microorganisms are living organisms that can only be seen through microscope. Individuals who take up profession in environment, medical, applied sciences ad basic sciences study this branch of science.
Microbiology is derived from Greek word, “Mikros” meaning small and “Bios” meaning life. It includes the study of all types of microorganisms, either it is acellular, unicellular or multicellular. Unicellular organisms are organisms having single cell and multicellular organisms are organisms having many cells. Acellular organisms are tiny organisms that lack cells. Microbiology includes the disciplines virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology and so on. The study of protozoa, bacteria, fungi, algae, viruses, and nematodes is all included in this branch of science.
All leading healthcare service providers and pharmaceutical industries have a team of professionals who hold sound knowledge in the field of microbiology. They study this science to know more about pathogenic microbes and about their role in human illness. This branch of science helps them to study microorganisms that are related to the production of antibiotics, enzymes, vitamins, vaccines and other pharmaceutical products that cause pharmaceutical contamination and spoilage.
Today, every pharmaceutical industry has a microbiology laboratory to analyze the samples and check whether the industrial or scientific procedures are being operated correctly or not. This is all done to check the quality of the products that are processed. They check whether dangerous microbes are present during the process or not. The main work of pharmaceutical companies is to manufacture drugs to be used for humans or animals. If the products produced by them contain dangerous microbes, it can harm the users. So, it is imperative for them to have a check whether the products are free from contamination or not. Contamination is really dangerous if the pharmaceutical products made are an injectable medication, were the microbes can be introduced directly into the body.
Professionals working in microbiology laboratories are skilled enough to detect whether the pharmaceutical products made by them are fit to be used by end users or not. They need to follow rules for each particular test that they perform on samples. The rules prevent the test from being contaminated and ensure that there is detection of microbes in the sample, if present. They also check the equipment that is used in pharmaceutical labs.
This eBook is review notes of Microbiology in entrance examination point of view.
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