The human ostrich mind
By and large the human mind takes the approach of an ostrich concerning the energy that it doesn’t perceive… If it can’t be perceived, then it’s not important. Electromagnetic energy was certainly important 500 years ago. After all, there was sunlight and heat, but people really didn’t frame their thoughts about it in energetic terms. After all, at one time the sun was thought of as a God instead of energy. But in the last hundred years or so, we’ve built machines that extend our ability to perceive energies that were previously invisible. Now we can use infrared pictures, ultraviolet pictures, radio waves, and lots of other tools to show energy that many people believed just didn’t exist. We’ve become accustomed to electromagnetic and other forms of energy… at least the forms that we can manipulate and measure. People still remain skeptical about energy that they can’t perceive either directly or indirectly through electronic instruments. It’s curious because many people remain skeptics even when the new technologies give us the ability to see things that we didn’t see before like the energy fields of people who have died and the human aura.
The scientific conundrum
Most people think of science and physics from a Newtonian point of view. That’s the viewpoint taught at the high school level and it’s the viewpoint visible to our ordinary senses. Isaac Newton gave us what might be called the marble theory of physics. Objects and planets are thought of as being like marbles in the three dimensional playing field of space. They move around when acted on by forces like gravity. As knowledge of atoms emerged, the marble theory of planets naturally brought about the marble of theory of atoms. Everyone who took high school chemistry or physics is familiar with the idea of electrons orbiting a central nucleus made up of protons and neutrons. However, that is not the real picture that emerges from the most advanced scientific researchers.
Physics took a dramatic turn in the early 1900’s. Around 1920 Erwin Shcrodinger introduced the idea that the microscopic atomic marbles could also be mathematically represented as waves and Albert Einstein showed the relationship between matter and energy in the famous equation E=MC2. This was a huge shift from a static marble view to a vibrational, possibility view. Since that time physics has been searching for the essential building blocks of the universe and for a single theory that unifies all the forces. Today modern string theory looks very promising for resolving both areas of inquiry. This theory investigates the vibrational properties and energetic interactions of the most subtle multi-dimensional sub-atomic building blocks of existence. In a nutshell, it reduces both matter and energy to incomprehensibly small vibrating entities called strings.
Now take a second a think about what this means. The view of the world that modern physics has is that at the most fundamental level, existence consists of subtle vibrational and energetic interactions among multi-dimensional constituents. Those constituents form denser constituents known as quarks. Quarks form denser sub-atomic particles. They, in turn, form denser electrons, protons, and neutrons. They, in turn, form denser atoms. They, in turn, form denser molecules… and they, in turn, form cars, TVs, rocks, water, fish, animals… and people. And that means that like everything, human beings consist of denser and denser forms of energy manifesting from subtle multi-dimensional, constantly interacting, vibrational constituents that contain power and more importantly, vibrational properties, or information. That means that humans are really fields of energy interacting with other fields of energy. That’s the totally scientific, materialistic physics point of view. That is a radical departure from the notion that we are a solid blob of protoplasm that is completely separate from other blobs or protoplasm. What physics can’t tell us yet is how those ultra-tiny vibrating strings figure out how to become atoms, molecules, rocks, and people. That is still the realm of philosophy, religion, and metaphysics.
The human energy field
Now consider the human energy field promoted by energy medicine and metaphysics. Many people regard this as unscientific mumbo jumbo. Now that seems to be far from the truth. The amazing thing is that the view of the human body as being built from subtle energetic constituents that become denser has been has been widespread for thousands of years and is depicted in artifacts from the time of the pharaohs and even earlier. It is the basis of ancient forms of healing, yoga, and martial arts. In Traditional Chinese Medicine the building block energy of the universe is known as Qi. It goes by other names like Ki, Prana, and Manna in other cultures. Yet despite the different names, the energetic structures and functions in the body are extremely similar from one culture to another.
The ancient forms of healing and their modern forms teach that there is a natural harmonious balance within individual human beings and between human beings and the universe. Each human is naturally in a state of resonance with the surrounding world. In modern science, resonance is a state where two forces act on each other to produce a stronger resulting force. For example, two resonating sounds produce a louder sound. Conversely, two dissonant sounds produce a weaker sound. Just like that, when the human body is dissonant with the world around it sickness arises. Chinese Medicine describes this as a weakness in the defensive energy or Wei Qi. That weakness allows the energy of sicknesses to vibrate into the body causing illness and the formation of viruses and bacteria.
This is beginning to sound alike
The deeper scientific research goes, the more it sounds like metaphysics. Of course, the two don’t sound identical because metaphysics and science has to different vocabularies. However, the ideas of subtle vibrations becoming denser to form ordinary matter and the ideas of subtle energy and denser matter interacting in resonant and dissonant patterns is uncannily similar in both disciplines. Modern physics seems to be leading us back to the knowledge of the ancients. Everything turns in a full circle.
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* Professors Lawrence Krauss and Brian Greene discuss Brian Greene’s introduction into the field of String Theory and the educational reasons to how he came to study and popularise the subject with physics in general.
Theoretical Physics requires tailor made mathematics to describe the mechanism of reality as probed and observed by Experimental and Observational Physicists.
Modern physicists stand on the shoulders of previous giants in science who, through the marriage of theory and experiment, discovered how nature works and how nature can be used in technology.
Gravity was discovered and explained by Isaac Newton through his invention of classical mechanics and fundamental calculus.
James Clerk Maxwell formulated Faraday’s, Gauss’ and Ampere’s Laws into his theory of Electromagnetism.
Einstein used the evidence from the Michelson-Morley Experiment and his own thought experiments on simultaneity as his central axioms in Special Relativity.
Einstein then developed the famous mass-energy equivalence and concept of space-time, essential concepts for high energy physics.
Einstein extended Relativity to General Relativity, describing accelerating bodies and used the relationship between energy and space-time to describe curvature in the form of his field equations, discovering the true nature of the gravitational field which had troubled Newton and his predecessors for centuries.
Theodore Kaluza extended General Relativity with the concept of Maxwell’s Theory of electromagnetism and, along with Oscar Klein, developed the Kaluza-Klein Theory, a theory which describes electromagnetism as a gauge theory where the gauge symmetry is the symmetry of circular compact dimensions.
This all lead to the development of modern string theory, which views the Standard Model, the guidebook of elementary physics, as gauge groups existing on a flat spacetime; with the elementary particles as strings on a flat world sheet, vibrating with different couplings and flavours forming the different particles.
The higher dimensions are in a curved spacetime in this theory, containing particles beyond the Standard Model as being higher resonances of the strings, contained on a different world sheet, or brane.
The Standard Model is an extended patchwork of mathematics that describes 3 of the 4 fundamental forces.
The work of Richard Feynman, who developed the path integral formalism for quantum mechanics used this to develop Quantum Electrodynamics, QED.
QED was the first theory to describe relativistic quantum mechanics and the beginning of the Standard Model’s framework.
Soon, the Weak Interaction was developed using quantum field theory, however the theory was too chaotic to make predictions as the coupling constants were impossible to determine at low energies; unlike QED the Weak Interaction is Non-Abelian and uses vector Bosons to commute. Predictions can be made from the dynamics only if you combine the theory with QED itself, which leads to symmetry breaking which is mediated by massless bosons. The mass for these bosons has to come from an outside field, the famous Higgs field which operates via The Higgs Boson.
The work of Murray Gell-Mann produced Quantum Chromodynamics, QCD a theory describing the strong nuclear force that holds protons and neutrons (nucleons) together and describes how the fundamental particles inside them, the quarks and gluons, interact with each other in high energy interactions.
Feynman’s path integral method can also be used to extend Kaluza-Kelin theory to Yang-Mills theory to describe how Quantum Chromodynamics, QCD, works in the low energy regime, as running of the coupling constants for this theory becomes chaotic, like the weak interaction, at even low energies.
The question that remains: is there symmetry breaking of these gauge theories at a universal level, where all coupling constants are the same and if so why do they trend towards infinity? Is their some mass gap that must be included to achieve this? Where does gravity fit into the Standard Model? How can we renormalise the Standard Model itself? And with what?
A lot of these questions have to be answered by the extensions of the Kaluza Klein model into the different interpretations of String Theory, which are all equivalent to M-Theory, which attempts to unify a lot of the different string theories to from a Unified Field Theory.
Want to learn more about string theory and higher dimensional physics? Check out Lisa Randall’s Lecture Series:
String Theory – Lawrence Krauss and Brian Greene