A book creates new speculation
A revelation was set by recent studies that the Red Queen, a royal tomb and the bones of this character could be from this ancient Mayan ruler’s consort and not from his mother.
At the National Museum of Anthropology, the publication was presented which was also coedited by INAH and Turner Publications.
A completely new speculation claims that the The Red Queen’s remains, seen at Palenque, Chiapas, could correspond to the wife of the ancient Mayan city ruler, Pakal II, and not of his mother, like was reckoned during the early times of the discovery of the tomb in 1994.
Such approach, inferred from the results of a number of conservation as well as restoration of bio anthropological and archaeological studies, is revealed in the book The Red Queen, a royal tomb, by the archaeologist Arnoldo Gonzalez Cruz, which has been displayed at the National Museum of Anthropology.
Within this publication, copublished by the Turner Publications and National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), it is known that the characteristics of the skull of the Red Queen have a similarity to the representations on numerous boards in the archeology area of the Pakal’s wife.
The outcomes of investigations recommend the theory that the skeleton discovered could possibly match Tz’ak-b’u Ajaw, who was the consort of King Pakal II K’inich Janahb, this method came about from the coincidence of the amount of years between the age of the skeleton, whose research indicated it in 672 AD, with the dates documented on the Palenque monuments, which make reference to 13th of November, 672 because the duration of death of the sovereign’s wife.
For this, extra Genetic or DNA experiments state that this character as well as the Palenque ruler don’t have any some connection of kinship, and not his mother’s bones.
Nonetheless, in spite of the development of completely new research, the biography of the Red Queen doesn’t end on this editorial contribution mentioned INAH archaeologist Arnoldo Gonzalez, “since it’s quite possible that in the future completely new archaeological data left nestled underground and also connecting the queen with an individual in her family will probably be created.?
GENERAL DIRECTOR OF INAH SPEAKS ABOUT THE BOOK
Alfonso de Maria y Campos, INAH general director said during the presentation of the book that, if it’s confirmed that the Red Queen was the wife of Pakal II, over 1,300 years ago, it would have given a broader perspective of the Palenque ‘s founding moment in the Classic Period (650-900 AD), stating that this ruler made the city the western hegemonic Mayan center.
He likewise added that this brand new publication is, “a scholarly review of multidisciplinary researches which was done since 1994 and when this discovery was recorded. The publication is an important connection between what we know and reader’s desire to know more about the Red Queen, after years of study.”
De Maria y Campos said that this is a satisfaction in the editorial ground and as an institutional project, owing to the fact that “is done beautifully, with a lively writing that doesn’t leave out the science and research which characterizes the Institute.”
In this regard, he said that, during the present administration, the INAH publishing project has actually been renewed because of the launch of new collections and scientific books, together with some digital methods.
“Moreover, he added, in connection with this, the national and international publishing agreements have been renewed, plus new copublishing agreements have been established owing to the fact that the INAH is Latin America’s most important publishing house and one of the world’s most significant anthropological issues.”
In addition, Mexico Nestle Group was thanked by De Maria y Campos “for its imperative partnership as well as persistent protection and distribution of the country’s cultural heritage, especially in Chiapas, where Nestle financed the creation of the Palenque Site Museum and also the disclosure of publications, just like the one presented on this occasion; in addition, bestowed several hectares in Chiapa de Corzo in support with the better protection of the ancient and historical remains.”
Chief executive of Mexico Nestle Group (a company established in the country in 1930), Juan Carlos Marroquin Cuesta reiterated his part and the company’s commitment in the conservation, development and diffusion of the Mexican cultural heritage, through actions taken for many years in Chiapas, such as the participation in Palenque Round Table, bringing Mayan culture scholars together.
STATEMENTS FROM SCHOLARS
Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, INAH emeritus researcher, stressed the importance of this finding, recorded inside the Temple XIII, which significantly expanded the knowledge about mortuary practices of the Maya societies during The Red Queen, a royal tomb, book review. According to the archaeologist, the book provides an overview of this ancient civilization, contextualizing the discovery of the Red Queen in the 138 graves found in Palenque from 1923 to date and telling its government, role of women and farming systems, myths, beliefs and architecture.
The grave contained a monolithic female sarcophagus, together with offerings comprised of jade pieces and a mask made from malachite, that was engrossed in thick cinnabar in 3 inches, because of the qualities of this red mineral, Arnoldo Gonzalez Cruz, archaeologist and, director of the excavation, referred to it as as the Red Queen.
Within his speech, Rodrigo Liendo Stuart, an archaeologist at the UNAM Institute of Anthropological Research highlighted the work of the author, who deals with the problem of the origin as well as identity of the person entombed in that burial plot along with its effects in the Palenque society; furthermore, the work makes inferences regarding the concepts as well as rituals linked to death, from the analysis of archaeological materials as well as the usage of epigraphy and history.
The Red Queen, a royal tomb book is comprised of 11 chapters that deals with the recreation of life of the ancient inhabitants of Palenque, their funeral and burial system, architecture, the exploration techniques employed in 1994 in Temple XIII, whose interior the burial chamber was found along with the opening of the sarcophagus. Aside from that, analysis of the position that maintained the archaeological materials inside the grave of the Red Queen, description of the associated offerings as well as their possible significance, studies generated on the discovered mosaic masks, along with the similarities and differences between the Red Queen along with the Pakal’s tombs are exposed.
The parts are titled: A Queen’s City, Death in Palenque, A Bare Temple, Opening a Sarcophagus, Mosaics in Time, Transit to the Underworld, Tomb for Eternity, Buried Clues, The Footsteps of a Queen, The Red Queen and her relationship with Pakal, plus final Thoughts.
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