The focus on leadership philosophies grew in the 20th century. At first, scholars used the personality traits of people to come up with leadership theories, but then other variables such as situations and skill were paid for attention to.
There are some main leadership philosophies and we will take a look at them and their origins in this article. The Great Man leadership theory states that some people are natural leaders by birth. Those who are not natural leaders cannot be made into leaders by providing them with any sort of training; they simply have to resort to becoming followers and work according to the leader’s instructions. This theory came about because of the power and existence of the military rule and its leaders at the time.
The traits theory of leadership states that there are certain qualities that are included in some people’s personalities that make them good leaders. This theory holds little weight because while some leaders may have the ability to communicate well and even understand people well, they may not be able to analyse situations well and may not be very confident. This means that some people may have some leadership qualities but may not be leaders, and some people who do not have leadership qualities may be leaders as well.
The contingency leadership philosophy originated because scholars felt that leadership styles are not used solely because of the attitude of the leader. Instead, there are factors such as the attitude of the followers or the different demands of the situation that lead to certain leadership styles being adopted. Such a leadership philosophy is called the contingency leadership philosophy, where a certain style of leadership is adopted depending upon the circumstances the leader is in.
The behavioural aspect of the leadership philosophy believes that if people do not possess the leadership qualities that are found within universities, they can be made into leaders by providing with training. This philosophy originated when it was determined that leadership traits are not related to the mental qualities of a person. Thus, scholars arrived at the conclusion that leaders could be made.
The participative leadership philosophy believes that decisions can be made by leaders and the employees together. Before this philosophy existed, it was thought that only leaders had the appropriate knowledge and skill to make final decisions. But with the increase in the skill and knowledge that people are receiving these days, this theory believes that even employees are qualified enough to participate in the decision making process. The improvements of education gave birth to this philosophy.
The relationship leadership philosophy states that good leaders are those who build good relationships with the people they work with. This philosophy received weight when it was found that better co-operation and understanding gave birth to success in an organization.
There are many other leadership philosophies that have originated because of different circumstances. The above mentioned philosophies explain the main leadership philosophies and show what caused these theories to be formed. There is no correct leadership philosophy. Each philosophy has its own background and is appropriate in different circumstances.
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* Plato was one of the world’s earliest and possibly greatest philosophers. He matters because of his devotion to making humanity more fulfilled. Please subscribe here: http://tinyurl.com/o28mut7
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PHILOSOPHY – Plato