A Mar. 2 space dot com article titled “Venus mysteries blamed on collosal collision” cites a paper in Earth and Planetary Science Letters by John Huw Davies (Cardiff University) which suggests that a collision of two large bodies in the late stages of planet formation is responsible for Venus’ hot, dry climate.
This wild speculation is yet another desperate attempt to explain a number of as yet mysterious observations of Venus within the uniformitarian (the standard model) assumption – that all the terrestrial planets formed in their current orbits at the inception of the solar system. The article recounts a number of currently held notions about Venus, all of which are incorrect.
Examples are that: the high surface temperature (over 800 F) is due to a ‘runaway greenhouse effect,’ originally proposed by Carl Sagan and proven incorrect by the Pioneer Venus (PV) radiation profiles; the greenhouse effect is due to an atmosphere comprising 30,000 times the amount of carbon dioxide found in the atmosphere of the Earth; the same carbon dioxide results in a surface pressure ninety times that on the Earth.
Davies suggests that this collision might have caused Venus’ unusually slow, retrograde rotation, an attribute that the establishment has struggled with ever since it was discovered. But this hypothetical collision can certainly not explain the fact that Venus’ rotates so that the exact same surface features are pointing toward the Earth every time it attains inferior conjunction with Earth – this is called a spin-orbit resonance. It implies a very close relationship existed in the not-too-distant past, between Venus and the Earth.
A catastrophism scenario, based the the compiled observations of one hundred generations of humans, results in a completely new understanding of all the planets. It was triggered roughly 6,000 years ago when a body impacted Jupiter and the rebounded plasma cloud contracted, losing the lighter elements (primarily water) by thermal escape, to form proto-Venus.
Jupiter’s Great Red Spot and temperature excess are residuals of that impact. Much more important than just explaining the characteristics of Venus, that impact completely revolutionizes our knowledge of all the planets. It implies that Jupiter (and the other giant planets) are solid (gas hydrate) bodies comprising primarily water, not ‘gas giants,’ and that each terrestrial planet is the result of such an impact and has a unique age. After each proto-planet cools it recaptures some of the vast amount of water originally lost, as do the extant terrestrial planets – this process is taking place on Venus and on the Earth (Barney Frank’s house-sized comets) today.
Proto-Venus triggered a sequence of resonant, ‘chaotic’ events which completely changed the entire solar system resulting in the configuration we observe today, prepared the Earth for the advent of mankind and reinvigorated the Earth for 3,000 years as mankind propagated.
While still a molten sphere of boiling rock/iron, proto-Venus passed close ot the Earth, first scorching a path from the Sahara to Tibet and then overturning the mantle causing the oceans to flow across the continents, killing most of the animal life on the planet. The destruction wrought is best described by Ovid in the ‘myth’ of Phaethon driving the chariot of the Sun off-course. The scorched path, from the Sahara across the middle east to Tibet, was described by astronaut Jay Apt as the most striking feature on the Earth when viewed from space. Proto-Venus’ closest point of approach may be marked by a large area of Saharan glass (Google LDG) in northwestern Egypt WSW of Alexandria.
Genesis 1:2 is not a description of the creation of the Earth, it merely describes the state of the Earth just after this destruction: “And the Earth became void and without form (tohu and bohu) and darkness was on the face of the Earth …” This event actually corresponded to the beginning of the Bronze Age (BA I), the radiocarbon date of which (3250 BC), becomes about 3800 BC when tree ring corrections are applied to the standard radiocarbon date. This date also corresponds closely to the zeroth year of the Hebrew calendar.
Venus then was instrumental in 3000 years of interactions of Mars with the Earth, during which all of Mars’ atmosphere and oceans were captured by the Earth.
Once all of Mars’ precious volatiles – were exhausted to the Earth (687 BC), it split into two, its solid core exited through the 4000 km long Valles Marineris, interacted with Venus for several centuries, resulting in the two planets, Mercury and Venus, entering their current orbits. At the same time Mars’ mantle drifted outward, collapsing into the present ‘planet’ Mars, thereby permanently leaving the vicinity of the Earth.
The end of this cosmic ‘chaos’ was signaled by Jehovah, speaking through the prophet Isaiah who lived at that date: “For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will [do] make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain.”
It was during this 3000-year ‘Vedic Period’ when Venus was in an eccentric interior orbit that the tidal force of the earth on its ‘continents’ induced its retrograde, resonant spin orbit rotation, the vestiges of which are still observable today. The great heat within Venus, due to its recent catastrophic birth, is the reason for its high surface temperature – which is exactly the same on the day and night sides in spite of the amazing fact that a day on Venus is 243 earth days!
The NASA Pioneer Venus (PV) probes which plumbed its atmosphere detected virtually no carbon dioxide between 50 and 31 km altitudes. Assuming this was impossible (an ancient planet is assumed to have a well-mixed atmosphere), project scientists announced that two droplets of sulfuric acid must have clogged the input ‘leaks’ of the mass spectrometer. The PV probes also discovered a ubiquitous ‘lower cloud layer’ between 48 and 50 km above the entire planet comprised of crystals, which were not identified.
The solution to these mysteries is evidenced in radar images of the surface which revealed over two hundred thousand ‘shield volcanos’, which have little or no lava flows associated with them. Because Venus is a new, hot planet, the interior of which is entirely molten. It was suggested ten years ago that Venus is cooling by shooting sulfur gas (S8) at high velocities from the small domes directly to the elevation of the lower cloud layer. This is obviously the case, because the temperature at the lower cloud layer coincides exactly with the crystallization temperature(s) of S8. Thus the entire lower atmosphere, up to 50 km, comprises heavy S8 molecules and crystals (and probably CS crystals), all of which unfortunately, were not detectable by the PV mass spectrometer. It is the loading of the lower atmosphere with these heavy compounds that produces the high surface pressure, not carbon dioxide. The fast-rising S8 also transmits the angular momentum of the slowly rotating planet very efficiently to the upper atmosphere, producing its observed (but so-far unexplained) super-rotation.
Venus has no magnetic field because its molten interior is far too hot. Because of this great heat, raw lava lies in many cracks in the surface, unfortunately PV did not include a simple camera which would have shown this. The radiation from this lava was actually measured by the sensitive radiometer as it descended through the lower cloud layer, but the project scientists threw out the data, stating that “signals in all channels increased unreasonably.” The red light at the surface which enabled the Soviet Venera landers to take photographs without their lights was due to the scattered light from lava on the surface. The hot creation of proto-Venus obviously explains the high D/H ratio and the volcanic nature of the entire surface. This will be brought into the same range as on Earth only after the vast amount of water lost from proto-Venus in its early stages is recaptured on its surface to form the future oceans on Venus.
In spite of the many mysteries which are unexplainable in the ‘standard model’, the scientific ‘community’ obviously sees no reason for any serious investigation of Venus. Amazingly, the European Space Agency recently sent a probe to Venus designed only to orbit the planet, from which viewpoint nothing new could be learned.
All that would be necessary to prove the true nature of Venus is to send a single sounder through the atmosphere capable of measuring S8 along with a camera to photograph the surface, once it passes through the lower cloud layer. It would not even have to be designed to withstand the surface temperature.
Since it has been thirty years since the PV mission, a new determination of the altitude of the lower cloud layer should give information on how fast it is settling toward the surface as the planet cools. Interestingly, the temperature and pressure just above the lower cloud layer is very similar to that on the Earth’s surface. Thus, there is promise that future generations of mankind may actually be able to land there, certainly much sooner than if the pressure were due to carbon dioxide. Venus would be the perfect laboratory for understanding how the Earth evolved in its earliest days, some 3.9 billion years ago.
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* “From an altitude of roughly 39,000 kilometers we had a splendid view of the planet we had come to explore. With an equatorial diameter of 6,563 km, Darwin IV is somewhat smaller than Earth. Its predominant color is dusky ochre, relieved by a sparse mottling of red and two crisply defined polar caps.”
The fourth planet in the Darwin Binary System, Darwin IV is the homeworld of an impressive diversity of native lifeforms. Once an Earth-like planet with large oceans, Darwin IV was too small to hold its water bodies for a long time: through the eras, it slowly lost its seas. Although Darwin IV is technically considered a desert planet for having little surface water and scarce precipitation, the planet is still thriving with life.
Like its name suggests, Darwin IV is the fourth of six planets orbiting Darwin, an F-class binary star located in the Milky Way Galaxy, 6.5 light years from the Sol System. The two Darwin stars are located so close to each other that they often give the impression of being a single sun when seen from Darwin IV. This fact largely diminishes the odd daylight optical effects commonly found on planets orbiting a binary star. The length of Darwin IV’s year is about twice that of Earth. Its day lasts for 26.7 Earth hours. The planet is orbited by at least two small moons.
In some aspects, Darwin IV is similar to the planet Mars. Both are similar in size – Darwin IV being slightly smaller – and are believed to have had large oceans in the past, which eventually evaporated. In both worlds, most of the remaining water is now frozen in the ice caps, which recede and advance with the seasons. Unlike Mars, however, Darwin IV has a dense atmosphere, rich in oxygen and water vapor. The combination of a relatively weak gravity (0.6 of Earth) and an oxygen-rich atmosphere has allowed Darwin IV’s native fauna to reach gigantic sizes, including in flying creatures. An interesting fact in Darwin IV’s weather is that rain is virtually nonexistent, though there are hurricanes and tropical storms, but they differ from earth’s by being spawned from temperature changes rather than large bodies of water.
Most of the surface of Darwin IV is covered by vast plains, especially on the areas which used to be the seafloor. Endless grasslands now dominate these areas, with scarce pocket forests of Plaque-bark Trees growing near the few lakes and rivers left. The planet is almost entirely encircled on the equatorial region by a large mountain range.
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